The Best Way To Learn Spanish On Your Own … In 12 Months Or Less!

best way to learn Spanish on your ownSo you’re looking for the best way to learn Spanish on your own?

In this post, you’ll learn – in detail – the exact steps you need to become fluent, including…

  • Best Spanish resources
  • Most effective study techniques
  • How much time to spend

I’ll break the process down into four stages (the same stages I used to become fluent in Spanish) – feel free to skip ahead if you’re not a complete beginner:

Sound good?

You’ll learn the process that experienced language learners use to study languages on their own – without following an expensive programme of study in a language school.

You also discover the best way to learn Spanish on your own without moving to Spain, talking to strangers on the street, or spending your life buried in books.

  • Don’t have time to read the whole post now? Download a free PDF so you can read in your own time. Click Here.

Ready? Great!

Let’s look at an overview of the entire process. Then, I’ll explain each part in detail.

best way to learn Spanish on your own

Before We Get Started…

For the purposes of this post, I’m going to assume you’re a beginner, or false beginner (i.e. you studied a bit at school, but don’t remember much).

The time frame I’m working with is one year.

The aim in this time is to become conversationally fluent – to speak confidently and enjoy using Spanish in any daily situation, not to speak perfectly.

You can learn Spanish in more or less time, and will vary depending on the amount of work you put in. I’ve divided the year into four stages, which represent phases I reliably go through when learning a new language.

My guidelines assume you have one hour per day to dedicate to study. But as you’ll see, there’s scope for doing much more by utilising “dead time“.

This is all about the best way to learn Spanish on your own, which means you won’t be following a programme of study laid out by a teacher or school. What this doesn’t mean is learning in isolation. In order to learn to speak Spanish, you need to practise speaking with others, and this makes up an important part of the process I describe here.

I’ve learnt 8 foreign languages myself, and I work regularly with some of the world’s most accomplished polyglots.

That is to say, I know my stuff!

However, every learner is different. What you’ll find here is best described as a “picture of the stages of learning a language”.

You should take it more as an informative guide than a set of prescriptive instructions.

The Best Way To Learn Spanish On Your Own

Let’s have a quick reality check!

If you want to learn Spanish independently, you’re going to need a few things…

  • Motivation (to keep going)
  • Focus (to be effective)
  • Time (for everything to sink in)

Without these three things, it’s impossible to learn a language.

From all my work with language learners, there seems to be one killer way to set yourself up for success: Keep it simple!

With tonnes of Spanish websites, apps and courses out there, it can be tempting to jump from one to the next.

But there’s one golden rule to remember…

It’s usually more effective to calmly work your way through one book, or stick with one study method, than to try different things out of curiosity.

The focus you’ll get from this keeps self-doubt away, and helps you learn more deeply.

Getting Started: The First Few Weeks

best way to learn Spanish on your ownWhat: Spend the first few weeks with an introductory Spanish audio course.

When: Ideal for your commute. 30-40 minutes a day. Two separate 15-20 minute sessions are ideal, as this helps memorisation.

Recommended Resources (choose one):

Or, if you’re about to travel to a Spanish speaking country:

How: This bit’s easy – just follow the course as recommended

Why: These courses all give you a good introduction to Spanish and get you speaking right away.

You’ll acclimatise to the language, learn some useful basics, and start speaking using some simple “listen & repeat” exercises.

If you get bogged down in textbooks too quickly, you might never take the time to sit back and listen to the sounds of Spanish. Take a couple of weeks to savour the language, and learn some useful spoken phrases you can start using immediately.

Danger: The big problem with audio courses is that they don’t cover much ground. Although they’re great to get started, don’t spend more than 2-3 weeks on this stage, as there are much faster ways to learn.

Months 1-3: Build Your Foundation

best way to learn Spanish on your ownWhat:

  1. Work systematically through a good textbook
  2. Practise talking about the contents of the textbook with a speaking partner/tutor

When

Every day:

  • 30-45 minutes: Textbook study
  • 15 minutes: Revision

2-3 times per week:

  • 30 minutes: Speaking practice

Recommended Resources (choose one):

Textbooks:

Online:

WhyAfter easing yourself in with a short audio course, you now have a challenge… “What’s the fastest, most effective way of building a strong foundation in Spanish?”

The answer is in the humble textbook.

Publishers often do a great job of selecting the information that goes into beginner courses, and so the best way to learn Spanish on your own (at the beginning) is actually far simpler than you might think: Simply work through a textbook from cover to cover.

However, if everything you learn just lives in your head, it remains passive knowledge. If you want to speak Spanish, you need to activate that knowledge.

For this reason, you’ll start to practise what you learn with a speaking partner from the start.

If you don’t have anyone to practise Spanish with, click here to find out how to find one.

Textbook Study

I don’t recommend you just blindly follow the contents of the textbook.

There will be hundreds of grammar exercises to follow, but it’s not these activities that help you build a strong foundation in Spanish. A strong foundation comes from spending your time with the language in context, and learning what you need to make sense of it.

Specifically, this means: Spend your time studying the dialogues from the textbook.

  • Read and listen to each dialogue many times
  • Aim for 100% comprehension
  • Use the grammar notes from the textbook to help you understand what’s going on, but don’t worry about memorising all the rules

You can use this approach to systematically work your way through the dialogues in the textbook.

Note: We’re trying to keep things simple.

If you try and complete every exercise in the book, you’ll slow down so much that you’ll probably never finish it.

So we’re stripping away all the unnecessary stuff and focusing on the most valuable part of the textbook- the dialogues.

You can always go back and study the grammar later, but it’s by covering all the dialogues across various topics that you’ll get the most complete picture of how Spanish works. (This is known as a top-down approach.)

For techniques for studying a dialogue effectively, see this post.

Revision

For a long time, I believed that the way to learn a language fast was to learn more.

Eventually, I learnt that the way to learn a language fast is to revise more. (This is one of the key principles I teach in my Language Learning Foundations course.)

Beyond your daily habit of studying your textbook, the single biggest thing you can do to improve your learning is to add a revision session at the end of the day.

In this session, you simply look back over what you did earlier, and do more of the same…

  • Read the dialogue again
  • Can you remember the new vocabulary?
  • Can you understand the audio without reading?

Without the revision, there is a 24 hour gap between study sessions. With the revision, you have an opportunity for your brain to absorb what you’re learning.

Speaking

Now, I know you’re looking for the best way to learn Spanish on your own. However, you do want to learn to actually speak Spanish, right?

This means you’ll need help, and you can’t do it all by yourself. (You’ll need a speaking partner.)

However,  you may wonder how you can start speaking Spanish when you’re a beginner. This approach gives you a convenient way to get started:

  1. Study a chapter of the textbook until you feel you’ve absorbed it
  2. Practise the material from the textbook with a speaking partner

Make sure your speaking partner has a copy of the textbook, and ask them to help you practise what you’ve learnt.

You can:

  • Role play the dialogue
  • Practise using and manipulating new grammar (Yo voy a la playa, nosotros vamos a la playa, etc)
  • Make up sentences using new vocabulary (Vamos a la playa, vamos al restaurante, vamos al río)

30 minutes is usually enough for speaking sessions, and you might want to spend a number of sessions practising one textbook chapter, and that’s fine.

Just remember to keep moving through the book, and not to aim for perfection.

When learning Spanish as a beginner, it’s far better to gain a limited understanding of many areas than a deep understanding of a few. This is because lots can be learnt intuitively, without the need for dedicated study, so it’s better to cover a lot an increase the chances of that happening.

DangerThese days, textbooks can be overlooked, in favour of smartphone apps and the internet. Although there are some great resources online, the internet has been disastrous in one important aspect: focus.

The major advantage of a textbook, in my opinion, is that it makes the job of focusing so much easier.

Shut down the internet, turn off your phone, and just concentrate on the pages in the book. Everything you need is there.

The biggest danger in terms of textbook study is that you get bogged down in grammar exercises. Although they can be useful, you don’t need to understand grammar perfectly yet. You’ll learn the most by covering the dialogues, as you’ll get to see how the language works and actually learn a lot of grammar intuitively, thereby saving yourself time.

Months 4-6: Speak and Read

best way to learn Spanish on your ownWhat:

  1. Regular speaking with different native speakers
  2. Systematic reading and listening to interesting material in Spanish
  3. Grow your vocabulary strategically with the help of digital flashcards

When:

Every day:

  • 45 minutes: Reading with text and audio
  • 15 minutes: Study new vocabulary with flashcards

2-3 times per week:

  • 1-2 hours: Attend Spanish Meetup/language exchange, or speak with friends/tutors

Recommended Resources:

You will need a variety of material depending on interest. Try to find reading material that comes with audio:

Why:
After 3 months of study, you should have a good foundation in Spanish to a pre-intermediate level (A2). In months 4-6 you aim to take that foundation and put it into practice, so you learn to speak with some confidence.

At this stage, you may find yourself hitting a plateau, where you seem to stop improving.

This happens because you’ve already learnt all the low hanging fruit in Spanish, such as cognates, common words/phrases etc.

In reality, progress seems slower because you begin to realise just how much you don’t know, and you have a desire to speak with more accuracy.

The route to developing confidence in Spanish is this: Spend as much time using Spanish to do things that interest you, and do this using all four skills – speaking, listening, reading, writing.

People who fail to break through this plateau usually do so because they spend too much time studying the language, and not using it for real purposes (e.g. reading, speaking).

The activities in this phase are designed to make sure you spend as much time as possible engaging with the language.

You may feel you lack structure without a textbook or course, but have faith in the process of surrounding yourself with real Spanish – it will ultimately pay off, as things slowly start to make sense and you learn to control the language.

Speaking

In the previous phase, you worked with native speaker tutors to help you practise language from your textbook. Now, it’s time to get more authentic speaking practice.

The trouble is, speaking with native speakers can be scary. So, you’re not going to throw yourself in at the deep end. Rather, you’re going to continue working with tutors or conversation partners who you’re familiar with, and attending Meetups where everyone is there to practise Spanish (i.e. they’re in the same boat as you!)

For me, speaking Spanish “fluently” isn’t about being native-like. It’s about being able to enjoy interesting conversations with native speakers. (There’s a big difference!)

In your daily life, you tend to discuss similar topics every day with your colleagues and friends. Spanish should be no different:

  • Decide on a topic that interests you (for me, that might include: language learning, London, politics, travel, self-development)
  • Tell your tutor the topic you’ve chosen
  • Use your speaking time to discuss that topic, asking for help when you struggle to express yourself
  • When the discussions have run their course, move onto the next topic

In these conversations, your aim should not be to get everything correct. You are practising expressing yourself.

I find it helpful to think about the point I’d like to make in English, and then try to say that in Spanish. This helps to ensure I’m being a good conversation partner, and not just trotting out formulaic Spanish I’ve learnt.

Reading and Listening

Spend your study time reading interesting material in Spanish.

The ideal material is:

  • Interesting to you personally
  • Graded to your level

Simplified material isn’t always easy to find, but the Fluent Spanish Academy gathers everything together in one place, as a one-stop shop for intermediate Spanish learners.

The most important thing it to read on topics that interest you. This way, you learn relevant Spanish rather than trying to learn every noun, verb and adjective under the sun.

By reading and listening at the same time (to identical material), you can form links in your mind between the words and the sounds. You can also use the text to understand the audio which might otherwise be too fast.

Reading teaches you so much. (That’s why I wrote my books of Spanish short stories for beginners.)

Many perceived difficulties with Spanish grammar can be solved simply by reading a lot. When you see the grammar being used in a real context, it intuitively starts to make sense. I believe this is much better way to learn grammar than trying to study it in an isolated way in a textbook.

Treat reading as your main Spanish study each day. You can do it in one long session (45 mins), or do it on your commute (2×20 mins).

For an effective reading strategy, click here.

Strategic Vocabulary Study

As your Spanish improves, you realise that there are tonnes of words you don’t know.

To make matters worse, that vocabulary becomes harder to memorise because you see it less often.

If you’re reading Spanish and having regular conversations, you’ll be learning a lot of new vocabulary naturally. But rather than leave it to chance, you can use electronic flashcards to help commit the most useful vocabulary to memory.

The trick here is to be selective about which vocabulary you try to learn. You can’t learn everything, so try to notice the words and phrases you come across in your other activities that seem to be highly useful.

Use your flashcard app as a place to store this vocabulary, and use the “Spaced Repetition System” to help you commit it to memory.

Some people find it hard to get excited about using flashcards, but it’s very powerful and you can commit a lot of vocabulary to memory within a short time.

The most effective way to learn Spanish vocabulary with flashcards is to do multiple, short sessions a day. The recommended 15-20 minutes per day is best broken down into 3 or 4 short 5-minute sessions study. You can easily fit these into coffee breaks or waiting for the train.

DangerThe hardest part of learning Spanish on your own, especially at the 4-6 month stage, is the lack of structure.

You might be unsure you’re studying in the right way, without the structure provided by a regular class.

3 months of regular reading, listening and speaking will teach you a lot of Spanish naturally. But it needs to be focused. It’s vital to choose reading material that’s at a suitable level for you, or else you’ll struggle.

The biggest “hack” in this process is the strategic learning of vocabulary with flashcards. Most people shoot themselves in the foot here by trying to learn too much.

Flashcards can quickly become overwhelming if you cram them with vocabulary you don’t really need. Be always thinking: “What’s the most useful stuff here? What will really help me speak better?” This means the 15 minutes you spend on this each day are highly targeted, and make a direct contribution to your fluency.

You will still find speaking hard at this stage, and that’s OK. Your attitude is important here. If you focus on everything you can’t say, you’ll become negative and want to retreat to your books. Instead, focus on the process of simply speaking week after week, and the benefits that come from that.

Months 7-12: Lifestyle Changes

best way to learn Spanish on your ownWhat:

  1. Switch your daily activities from English to Spanish, and create a social life based on Spanish
  2. Read real Spanish
  3. Study grammar in more detail

When:

Every day:

  • 45 minutes: Read real Spanish on topics of interest
  • 15 minutes: Work through a Spanish grammar book
  • All day: Replace your daily activities with Spanish – news, movies, weather, recipes

2-3 times per week:

  • Attend Spanish cultural events, Meetups, etc. and surround yourself with the language

Recommended Resources

Replacing your daily activities with Spanish will take a bit of preparation, but it’s easy to find everything you need online:

In addition:

Grammar:

Why:

After 6 months of studying and – critically – using Spanish, you will be in a good place.

Now it’s time to do two things:

In the previous 3 months you were looking for reading material that is simplified for beginners, and speaking opportunities that are designed for learners.

However, now you need to dive into real Spanish. Real Spanish is where you’ll learn how the language is really used, and have the chance to speak with real people – not sugar-coated to make it easy for you.

The way to make this meaningful, and not get overwhelmed, is to continue basing your studying around your own interests:

  • Read the news you want to read
  • Watch the movies you want to watch
  • Attend the events you want to attend

By keeping everything centred around your interests, you achieve two things:

  • It’s easier to stay motivated
  • You don’t have to learn every Spanish word under the sun. You focus instead on vocabulary that you’re more like to want in your daily life.

Naturally, this is not easy – especially at first. But by rising to the challenge, and keeping it up for 6 months, you’ll reach the end of the 12 months with a significant amount of ability in Spanish.

(The star of the Netflix blockbuster Narcos used these principles to learn Spanish in only a few months. Read how in this post!)

Study Grammar in More Depth

Spanish is what you might call a “front-loaded” language. In other words, much of the difficulty comes at the beginning. Once you can speak Spanish to a decent level, you won’t find any big surprises (unlike many Asian languages, for example).

Until this point, I’ve suggested you don’t study grammar in much depth.

The reason is that most people believe the best way to learn Spanish on your own is to master grammar from the beginning.

This is a mistake, because it’s easy to get bogged down with tricky grammar points that you don’t actually need in order to speak.

However, now that you can speak, it’s time to look at refining your grammar.

Luckily, you’ll find that you’ve already learnt a lot of that so-called “tricky” grammar simply by being exposed to it over the last 6 months – so it will prove to be much easier to master.

For the same reason, it makes sense to study grammar systematically at this stage, and you can do this by working through a good grammar exercise book. Simply focus on the areas of grammar you find tricky.

Switch Your Daily Activities To Spanish

At the same time as you work on your grammar, you need to start making Spanish the default language for your daily activities.

There’s no need to look for “soft” options any more!

You should literally try to do everything you need to do in Spanish, whether that’s reading the newspaper or going out for the evening.

This isn’t particularly complex to do, but it does take commitment.

The best way to approach this is to start small. Introduce one new Spanish activity every week.

Start with your daily news fix.

Then, the following week, switch Google to Spanish. And so on.

Ideally, your speaking practice will come from a Spanish-based social life. However, if this isn’t practical (perhaps due to where you live), you should arrange regular speaking sessions on Skype.

Just remember, these should not be “lessons” where you are taught, simply sessions where you have an opportunity to speak about topics of interest.

Here’s how to structure and prepare for these sessions:

Read Real Spanish

It’s still important to maintain your daily study time, as this gives you structure.

Continuing the theme from months 4-6, you’re now going to read as widely as possible.

Set a regular time every day to read, and stick to it.

In terms of reading material, ideally it should be something you’d read for fun in your mother tongue. Given the choice, non-fiction tends to be simpler to read than fiction. Similarly, magazines and blog posts can make for good reading material.

Personally, I like to read physical books or magazines, because reading “offline” helps me to focus.

DangerBy now, you’re using Spanish for real purposes, almost like performing a “language transplant” on your life! And that’s what will ultimately bring you the confidence and fluency you want.

However, to make it a success, you do need to create your own structure, and this means…

  • Schedule your study and speaking times
  • Choose material and topics that are genuinely interesting for you

These things seem almost too simplistic, but failing to study regularly, or reading boring things, will quickly kill your progress.


Conclusion – The Best Way To Learn Spanish On Your Own

I hope you’ve been able to take some inspiration from this study plan!

I’ve really tried to boil the process down to the elements that will really result in your learning Spanish – not just studying it.

As I said at the beginning, the best way to learn Spanish on your own will always be the simplest.

Because ultimately, you’re the only one holding yourself accountable.

Take this plan as a blueprint, commit to sticking at it, and get stuck in! And if you’d like a help hand, check out the Fluent Spanish Academy.

¡Buena suerte!

Do you know someone who wants to learn Spanish? Please share this post with them, or click here to send a Tweet!

What do you think of my study plan? Is there anything you disagree with? Let me know in the comments!

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Olly's Top Resources For Learning:
  • Molly

    In regards to Spanish audio courses for beginners, I really recommend Complete Spanish by Language Transfer. (Definitely check it out, Olly!) I did actually use Michel Thomas last year, but I lacked any sort of goal and as a result I got nowhere with it. However, I started back up a couple of weeks ago (which is also when I began listening to your podcast), so great timing with this post for me… haha. Language Transfer uses the same sort of method as MT but it’s FAR more comprehensive imo, which is saying something because I’m only on track 35 of 90. Best of all, it’s completely free. I feel like I’m writing a super obvious plug but I just think that LT really deserves some recognition and I’m interested in hearing your views, especially as someone who is far more experienced than me.

    Thank you so much for this post – I will definitely be using it as an outline this year. And of course thank you for the podcast – it’s really keeping me motivated. My plan is to finish the LT course, and then move on to Assimil and talking to native speakers on Italki. Feeling optimistic and ready for the hard (but rewarding) work to come.

    – Molly, 18, London

    • Thanks for sharing that resource, Molly! Great to hear you’re back into Spanish, and hopefully this plan (together with the podcast) will give you what you need to be chatting away by the end of the year!

    • Jane C

      I just looked up Language Transfer and it’s amazing!! Thanks for the resource!

  • Gaby Sadowyj

    Not learning Spanish – learning French but everything you say makes sense and applies to French also. Like the idea of sheet of paper (for speaking sessions) with Topic and Verbs/phrases to practice in conversation. Will try this tomorrow when next catch up with language partner. Thanks for all sound advice. Gaby

  • Neil Moss

    Thanks Olly, this is a fascinating look at the process of learning Spanish in a year. As I have just completed 1 year of study, the one area that I would find challenging is the 7-12 month transition (replacing daily activities with Spanish – news, movies, weather, etc). Comprehension of normal spoken Spanish on TV and movies is really tough to near impossible after 6 months of study (at least for me). I found I was getting demotivated and frustrated trying to listen to “real” Spanish. One intermediate resource for comprehension is “News in Slow Spanish”.

    • Hi Neil. Yes, I absolutely understand. That’s why I’ve given it a whole 6 months. It feels frustrating, but the key mindset is to not to put too much pressure on yourself. The goal of that period isn’t to understand everything you hear, but to give yourself exposure to natural language over a substantial period of time. Without that kind of exposure to natural language there’s no way to get to the next level. Also, the TV/radio etc is intended to be “dead time” – i.e. not active study, but simply taking advantage of the time you spend doing things in English to ramp up the exposure you get to Spanish. Your focused study time is still there, and I’d spend that with grammar, reading, and speaking with people.

  • Nate

    awesome complete post walking through top to bottom details!

  • Janne Sosa

    I decided to try Rocket Spanish because I wanted to learn some Spanish before a trip to Ecuador. I just returned, and the Spanish I learned with Rocket Spanish was not only extremely helpful, it made my trip so much more fun…
    http://5blogger.com/5

  • Mark Van Der Broek

    I think the best book for learning Spanish is ‘A Good Spanish Book!’ I got it as a birthday present and I am improving my Spanish A LOT. It’s the first one in all the lists of the best books to learn Spanish nowadays. Fantastic article. Lots of cool info. Thanks mate!

    • Hey Mark. Never heard of that one, I’ll check it out!

  • Jane C

    This is great 🙂 My sister recently approached me and asked me how she should start learning Spanish-it was so great that I could tell her exactly how she needed to start! Thanks Olly!

    • Hi Jane, thanks so much, really pleased it was useful! It’s really helpful to have a “big picture” idea of how to approach learning, as it helps you avoid getting your head stuck in the trenches early on. Hope your sisters enjoys it!